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The Dutch then laid siege towards the populous city, demanding the surrender of all its wealth. They received 12 sheep and three calves. Furious, they delivered 4,000 soldiers to strike the Council regarding the Canaries, that has desired shelter within the village of Santa Brígida. Three-hundred Canarian soldiers ambushed the Dutch within the village of Monte Lentiscal, killing 150 and forcing the others to retreat. The Dutch concentrated on Las Palmas, trying to burn off it straight down. The Dutch pillaged Maspalomas, in the southern shore of Gran Canaria, San Sebastian on Los Angeles Gomera, and Santa Cruz on Los Angeles Palma, but eventually threw in the towel the siege of Las Palmas and withdrew.
Another noteworthy assault occurred in 1797, when Santa Cruz de Tenerife ended up being assaulted by a British fleet underneath the future Lord Nelson on July 25. The British were repulsed, losing almost 400 men. It had been with this battle that Nelson lost their right supply.
Eighteenth to nineteenth centuries
The sugar-based economy regarding the islands encountered stiff competition from Spain's American colonies. Crises in the sugar market in the century that is nineteenth severe recessions regarding the islands. A cash that is new, cochineal (cochinilla), arrived to cultivation during this period, saving the islands' economy.
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The mixture of high hills, proximity to Europe, and climate has made the Roque de los Muchachos top (on La Palma island) a leading location for observation. The Gran Telescopio Canarias, or "Great Telescope Canary Islands," sometimes called GranTeCan, is just a 10.4m telescope that is reflecting is undertaking commissioning observations during the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos in the island of La Palma. The telescope is sited on a peak that is volcanic legs (2,400 meters) above sea level and took seven years to create. The GTC venture is a partnership created by several institutions from Spain, Mexico, while the University of Florida (USA) as well as an effort from the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC). The construction for the telescope is approximated to possess cost €130 million.
The initial inhabitants regarding the Canary Islands were Guanche, a Berber people who had been conquered by the Spanish into the fifteenth century. It really is believed that the original Gaunche inhabitants may have result from central and Europe that is southern by of Northern Africa in centuries past. Individuals the Spaniards found in the Canaries had brown complexions, blue or grey eyes, and hair that is blondish. While these characteristics still exist, the Islands' peoples today are barely distinguishable in features or tradition from the people of Spain. 
The language associated with islands is just a dialect of Spanish, called "Canary Islands Spanish." Certain words that are archaic utilized, peculiar towards the islands, which show Portuguese influences.
To spell it out politics in Tenerife, we must first consider the federal government for the island and, to achieve this, it is essential to begin at the top: the spanish family that is royal. The monarch may be the apex of a big pyramid, with Tenerife in the bottom. Right here's how most of the layers that are different from a single to the other.
The Spanish Government is formally appointed by the monarch - at the moment, King Juan Carlos I after an election. They then provide a term of four years in the Spanish Parliament, or Cortes. The Cortes, like most equivalents far away, has two chambers, El Senado (the Senate) and El Congreso (the Congress). Members of those chambers are referred to as Senadores (Senators) andDiputados (Deputies) correspondingly.